|MILESAGO: Australasian Music & Popular Culture 1964-1975||Record Labels|
PHILIPS RECORDS (AUSTRALIA)
/ VERTIGO RECORDS
Category: Overseas-owned label
Date: 1950s - present
Location: Sydney, NSW?
Subsidiary labels: Fontana; Mercury (from 1960); Melodica (from 1961); Polydor International (1960s); Vertigo (1970s)
Philips company history
The Philips label -- now part of the Universal Music Group -- originated as the recording division of the Netherlands-based Philips electronics corporation. The label is best known for its prestigious classical catalogue, although it also developed a popular catalogue in the 1950s. Philips operated an Australian subsidary from the 1960s into the 1980s and recorded some local pop and rock acts, notably The Missing Links, whose only LP is now one of the rarest and most valuable of all Australian LP and Perth band The Valentines, which featured the young Bon Scott as co-lead singer.
Philips first moved into the record
business in 1924 when it established a recording studio after acquiring
radio manufacturer Nederlandsche Seintoestellen Fabriek. It began
record manufacture in 1933 and in 1942 acquired Hollandsche Decca
Distributie (HDD), the Decca
licensee, gramphone manufacturer and
independent record label. HDD had been founded in 1931 and expanded
within Europe and the Dutch empire (including what is now Indonesia).
In 1950, following Columbia's introduction of the long-playing record, Philips consolidated its international recording interests as Philips Phonografische Industrie (PPI), which was incorporated on 28 September 1950, with its head office in Baarn, in the Netherlands. A new record manufacturing plant was also built in Baarn and became operational by the end of 1951. During 1951 PPI signed an agreement with Columbia USA (a division of CBS Records) with PPI becoming Columbia's distributor outside the US, while Columbia distributed PPI product within the US. Philips' popular music division was effectively a takeover from HDD, with mainly Dutch and British repertoire.
In Australia, however, CBS/Columbia recordings were
distributed by EMI until the
mid-1950s, but when EMI acquired Capitol Records in 1956, its local
competitor The Australian Record
Company (ARC) lost
the rights to release Capitol recordings in Australia,
responded by acquiring the rights to the CBS catalogue, a deal
which led to the company's eventual takeover by CBS in 1960.
After the formation of PPI, the task of building Philips' classical catalogue fell to Otto Glastra van Loon, who had been a conductor of the Nederlandse Opera and the Philips Choir. Two house producers were appointed -- Jaap van Ginneken, a former radio producer and Us van der Meulen, a recording pioneer who had already recorded the famous "Mengelberg" St Matthew Passion in 1939 on Philips-Miller tape. The first orchestral recordings were made in December 1950 with the The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra under Willem van Otterloo (later a conductor of the SSO), playing Haydn’s Oxford Symphony and the Peer Gynt Suites by Grieg. As there was no suitable hall in The Hague, orchestra members and their instruments travelled in coaches to and from the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam, to take advantage of its famous acoustic. The first recordings with the Concertgebouw Orchestra itself were in 1951 under Paul van Kempen with Tchaikosky’s Symphony No. 5 and Symphony No. 6 and some Overtures.
One of the first major soloists contracted to the label was pianist Clara Haskil. Her first recording, one of the earliest on Philips, was the Schumann Piano Concerto with the The Hague Philharmonic Orchestra under Willem van Otterloo, made in May 1951. In 1952 conductors Antal Dorati and Eugen Jochum were signed to the label. Philips' classical catalogue expanded rapidly and by 1957 it contained 680 LP titles. Most recording was handled by the Classical Producing & Recording group in Baarn, although there was also a smaller recording centre in Vienna, as well as a contract with Columbia USA for the exchange of repertoire.
Among the great names on the Philips
label were Bruno Walter, George Szell, Eugene Ormandy, Sir Thomas
Casadesus, Rudolf Serkin, Zino Francescatti, Isaac Stern and Pablo
Casals, I Musici, Arthur Grumiaux, Colin Davis, Alfred
Brendel, Neville Marriner and
The Academy of Saint Martin in the Fields, Claudio Arrau, Jessye
Norman and The Beaux Arts Trio. George Szell's first recording
Philips -- Mendelssohn’s A
Midsummer Night’s Dream, made in December 1957
-- was also the first Philips stereo recording, made when
the company was just beginning to experiment with stereo recording. The
original LP was in mono, but a later CD release was
from the previously unreleased stereo master.
In 1960 PPI acquired the prestigious US label Mercury Records, founded in 1945. Mercury was renowned for its jazz catalogue, but in the 1960s it released a wide range of popular recordings by acts such as Aphrodite's Child, Roger Miller, The McCoys, Sir Douglas Quintet and Buddy Miles Express. By the time of the Mercury acquisition, tensions between Philips and Columbia had escalated and the following year Columbia ended its alliance with PPI, establishing its own European distribution network. Philips then acquired Italy's Melodica labels and later in 1962 it established the Gramophon-Philips Group (GPG) as a joint venture with Siemens, selling 50% of PPI to Siemens while Philips acquired 50% of Deutsche Gramophon and its popular label Polydor.
PPI made recording history in 1963 with the introduction of the compact cassette, which revolutionised the domestic music market. Expanding into publishing, PPI acquired Chappell Music Publishing in 1968. In 1969 Philips launched a new subsidary label, Vertigo, which was established to compete with other labels catering to the burgeoning progressive rock market, such as EMI's Harvest Records and Decca Records's Deram label. Among the first artists signed were Ian Matthews, Mike Absalom, Colosseum and Black Sabbath. Later singings included Australia's Buffalo, Nirvana (UK) and Kraftwerk. After Philips Records was renamed Phonogram Records, major acts including Status Quo, Thin Lizzy and Tears for Fears joined Vertigo. Now part of the Universal Music Group, Vertigo is a division of Mercury Records. Recent signings include The Rapture, The Killers, One Night Only and The Noisettes.
In 1972 GPG was replaced by Polygram, which merged all the recording interests of Philips and Siemens. Through the 1970s, Polygram greatly increased its profile, acquiring a string of prestigious labels including Verve (purchased from MGM), the United Distribution Corporation, the Robert Stigwood Organization (including RSO Records) and stakes in Casablanca and Barclay records. In 1979 it acquired Decca and London Records and in 1980 it bought Decca UK, one of the world's oldest labels.
A proposed 1983 merger between Polygram and
Warner Music was forbidden by both the US Federal Trade Commission and
Germany's cartel office, so Philips then bought a further 40% of Polygram
from Siemens, acquiring the remaining shares in 1987. The same year it
rationalised its film operations, closing Polygram Pictures
selling Chappell Music to Warner. The same year Philips completed the first
of shares in Polygram -- 35 million shares, equivalent to 16%
the company's stock -- in a deal that valued the group at US$5
billion. A further 9% was sold in 1993. During this time
Polygram continued to aggressively acquire major and minor
labels in Europe and North America including Chris Blackwell's Island Records
(1989), A&M Records (1990) and Interscope, as well as music
publishing and film interests including Abbey Home Entertainment,
Gramercy Pictures and Kitty Music.
In 1998, amid speculation that the group would collapse, Philips undertook alarge-scale restructuring, which saw Polygram sold to Canadian beverage corporation Seagram for US$10 billion. Seagram then bundled Polygram with Motown and other record interests to create the Universal Music Group. Two years later Seagram was acquired by Vivendi for US$34 billion, becoming Vivendi Universal. In 1999, Philips was merged with Decca Records to create the Decca Music Group (known as Universal Music Classics Group in the USA)
Philips in Australasia
Our research is still in its early stages, but it appears that the Australian division was established in the late 1950s. An interesting trivia note is that several of the earliest known Australian Philips singles and EPs were Australian releases of records made in New Zealand by New Zealand artists, inlcuding popular duo Bill & Boyd and The Quin Tikis.
The original parent company for the Philips groupb of labels in
Australia was Philips Electrical Pty Ptd. Some time in the mid-1960s
Philips incorporated a new holding company for its recording interests,
following the 1962 creation of the GPG group as a joint venture
with Siemens, who owned Deutsche Gramophon and Polydor. In Australia
and other countries this new parent company was Phonogram Recordings
Pty Ltd. In 1972 GPG was globally rebranded as Polygram Records,
but in Australia the group continued to trade as Phonogram Pty Ltd
until at least the early 1980s.
Philips' singles were distinguished by an orange-on-black label design, featuring the Philips name in bright orange, surmounted by the Philips "waves and stars" logo; the label was divided across the middle by orange bars radiating out from the spindle hole to the edge of the label. The main label text was in sans serif silver print, with copyright and trademark notices printed around the outside of the label in small white print.
From 1964 to around 1973 Philips singles were catalogued with a "BF" prefix and a three-digit catalogue number (e.g BF-001). The earliest Australasian single we have located so far is Bill & Boyd's "Just another foo" b/w "Holiday Hootenanny" (1964), which may have been released by Philips New Zealand. Although overseas releases comprised the bulk of its output, Philips did record a The label had evidently released around 500 singles by 1972, when the cataloguing changed to a new system. Under the new system, singles were prefixed EPs were prefixed "PE"; it is not yet known whether singles and EPs were jointly numbered, or whether the EP range had its own numbering. Around 1973, Philips changed to a new four-digit prefix -- singles were prefixed 6037, EPs were prefixed either 6205 (Philips) or 6307 (Vertigo) and all LPs were prefixed 6357.
Other notable Australian acts signed to Philips include several releases by legendary Sydney '60s band The Missing Links -- whose LP and EP are among the most sought-after and expensive of all Aussie collectible recordings -- the first two singles by Janice Slater, and singles by The La De Das (still recording for Philips NZ at that time), the Laurie Lewis Sextet's recording of the theme from ABC current affairs show This Day Tonight, several singles and an EP by popular Perth band The Valentines (which featured a young Bon Scott) and several singles and an LP by leading Melbourne band The Strangers. Among the quirkier items in the catalogue are several comedy singles and LPs by Barry Humphries from the early 1970s.
One of Philips' most successful local signings in Australia was Kamahl, who came to fame in the late 1960s after winning a talent quest and went on to establish a long and successful career as a vocalist and actor. The prolific and popular vocalist recorded many singles and albums for Philips between 1967 and the mid-1980s (when he moved to Festival) and many of these were also issued overseas through Philips other international divisions. Another notable signing in the 1970s was hard rock band Buffalo, which included former AC/DC lead singer Dave Tice and the late, great Peter Wells. They were the first Australian signing to Philips' new progressive subsidiary Vertigo, for whom they recorded several singles and albums between 1972 and 1976.
Under construction; titles highlighted are Australian releases by overseas artists.
|BF-13||1963?||Margie Singleton||"Magic star"
"Only your shadow knows"
|BF-65||1963||The Taymen||"Beach Bunny"
|BF-66||1964||Bill & Boyd||"Just another fool" (Goffin-King)
|BF-76||1964||Dionne Warwick||"Anyone who had a heart"
"The love of a boy"
only want to be with you"
|BF-105||1964||Bill & Boyd
(Recorded live at the Rotorua Soundshell)
|"Chulu Chululu" (Cate-Robertson)
"Habit of lovin' you" (Gene Pitney)
|BF-113||1964||Four Seasons||"Rag Doll"
"Silence Is Golden"
|BF-125||1964||Bill & Boyd||"Laughing girl"
"Don't Take it away"
|BF-124||1964||The Four Seasons||"Save It For Me"
|BF-128||1964||The Hondells||"Go Little Honda"
"Hot Rod High
"I wish I’d never loved you"
|BF-142||1964||The Quin-Tikis||"The enchanted sea"
"Don't you know, Yockomo"
|BF-166||1964||Keri & The Quin Tikis
Sam and The Quin Tikis
|"Get me to the church" (Lerner-Lowe)
"Route 66" (Troup)
|BF-172||1964||Janice Slater||"Wanting you" (Westlake-Springfield)
|BF-179||1965||Janice Slater||"I'm gonna live" (Marty Van Wyk-Janice Slater)
"He really cares" (Peter Figures)
|BF-187||1965||Keri & The Quin-Tikis
Sam and The Quin-Tikis
|"Keep on lovin' me"
"Mother dear, you've got a silly daughter"
"Under the smile of love"
|BF-192||1965||Roger Miller||"Engine Engine No.9"
"The Last Word In Lonesome"
|BF-193||1965||Horst Jankowski||"A Walk In The Black Forest"
|BF-211||1965||Bill & Boyd||"Once in a while"
|BF-212||1965||Sharon Black||"Little church around the corner"
"Don't hurt me"
|BF-213||1965||The Missing Links||"You're drivin' me insane" (Baden Hutchens)
"Something else" (Sheely-Cochrane)
|BF-225||1965||George Moody||"Santa The Swagman" (F.Ifield-A.Gill)
"Bring a little sunshine (to my heart)" (Barkan-Raleigh)
|BF-244||1965||The Missing Links||"Wild About You" (Andy James)
"Nervous Breakdown" (Rocuzzo)
|BF-315||1966||The La De Das||"Hey Baby"
|BF-316||1967||Reggie Norton & The Ideas||"Aba Dabba Honeymoon" (Field-Donovan)
"Take it easy" (Tony Barber)
|BF-336||1967||The La De Das||"All Purpose Low"
|BF-357||1968||Laurie Lewis Sextet||"This Day Tonight" (theme)
|BF-362||1968||Wright of Waye||"Sun god"
"The dollar song"
|BF-370||1968||Chris & Peter Allen||"Ten Below" (Kasha-Hirschorn)
"Just Good Friends" (Lewis-Klenner)
|BF-376||1968||Kamahl||"The Impossible Dream"
"Island in the sun"
|BF-377||1968||Gene Pierson||"You Got Me"
|BF-380||1968||Paul Wayne||"This time it's over" (Wayne)
"Since I don't have you" (Longmore)
|BF-384||1968||Helen Reddy||"One way ticket"
|BF-388||1968||Rim D. Paul||"The Ballad of Lionel Rose"
"River Deep, Mountain High"
|BF-407||1968||Rim D. Paul||"A thousand hours" (Lazarus)
"Downstairs to meet her" (Toni & Royce)
|BF-408||1968||Nonesuch||"Ride the wind away" (Libaek-Roberts)
"Roberto's Theme" (Libaek)
|BF-412||1968||The Strangers||"Happy without you" (Laguna-Pinz)
"Take the time" (Farrar)
|BF-413||1968||The Tallifer Group||"This happiness feeling" (Brinstead)
|BF-414||1968||Leather Sandwich||"Kilroy was here"
|BF-416||1968||Rim D. Paul||"The child of Mrs Anthony" (Pat Aulton-Stan May)
"I travel alone (Sonny Cannon)
|BF-421||1968||Johnny Chester||"Green green" (B.McGuire-R.Sparks)
"It works out easier that way" (Chester)
|BF-422||1968||Toni Lamond||"Silent voices" (Monath-Limiti-Mogul-Isola)
"They don't give medals" (Bacharach-David)
|BF-424||1969||Tommy Raeburn||"Come Summer" (Egginton-Bacon)
"Ghost Town" (Rayburn-Stonham)
"My Old Man's A Groovy Old Man"
|BF-430||1969||Doug Ashdown||"Whole Lotta Shakin' Goin' On"
"Marcie" (Joni Mitchell)
|BF-436||1969||The Motion||"Nice girl"
|BF-438||1969||The Strangers||"Lady Scorpio" (Woodley-Poulsen)
"California Soul" (Ashford-Simpson)
|BF-442||1969||Tommy Raeburn||"How long (have I loved thee)"
|BF-444||1969||The Valentines||"Nick Nack Paddy Wack"
"Getting Better "
|BF-449||1969||Oakappple Day||"No face, no name, no number" (Winwood-Capaldi)
"Oceans of fire"
|BF-450||1969||Magic||"I want to fly"
"Booked on a drunk charge"
|BF-451||1969||The Motion||"Treat her groovy"
|BF-454||1969||Rim D. Paul||"All God's children got soul" (Booker T. Jones-William
"Downstairs to meet her" (Toni & Royce)
The Jack Grimsley Orchestra
|"Red wind" (Grimsley-Pontius)
"Italian love affair" (Grimsley) - Fiat advertising jingle
|BF-456||1969||Johnny Chester||"I just don't know how to say goodbye" (Stec-Salisbury)
"Highway 31" (Chester)
|BF-459||1969||Kamahl||"You've got to learn" (Aznavour-Stillman)
"Run wild, run free" (Black-Whitaker)
|BF-467||1969||The Strangers||"Sweet September" (McGussie-Phillips-Stanley)
"Paper cup" (Jimmy Webb)
|BF-469||1970||The Valentines||"Juliette" (Milson-Ward-Scott)
"Hoochie Coochie Billy" (Lovegrove-Ward-Milson)
|BF-474||1970||Magic||"The Carpenter's Song"
|BF-480||1972||Barry Humphries||"Is'E and Aussie, Is 'E,
Lizzie" (with Dick Bentley)
|6037 004||1971||Head (aka Buffalo)||"Hobo"
"Sad Song: Then"
|6037 007||1971||Hush||"Rainy Day Bells"
|6037 011||1972||Buffalo||"Suzie Sunshine"
"No Particular Place To Go"
|6037 013||1972||John Capek||"Blue Jean Baby"
|6037 020||1973||Buffalo||"Just A Little Rock And Roll"
|6037 021||1973||Barry Humphries||"Ricky Roo"
"Sandy Sings Sacred Songs"
|6037 022||1973||Mr George||"So Much Love (In My Heart)"
|6037 025||1973||Bobby Thomas||"You've Gotta Stay By Me"
|6037 033||1974||Mr George||"Lazy Susan"
|6037 035||1974||Buffalo||"Sunrise (Come My Way)"
"Pound Of Flesh"
|6037 041||1974||Buffalo||"What's Going On?"
"I'm Coming On"
|Vertigo 6037 055||1975||Buffalo||"Little Queenie" (Berry)
"The Girl Can't Help It" (Troup)
|6037 058||1975||Kamahl||"The Elephant Song"
"A Daisy A Day" (Jud Strunk)
|6037 068||1975||Freeway||"Ridin' high" (Barker-Welch)
"Lot of livin' to do" (Barker-Welch)
|6037 106||1975||Lindsay Bjerre||"I'll Take You Higher"
|Vertigo 6037 901||1975||Buffalo||"Lucky" (Roue)
"On My Way" (Tice-Taylor)
|PE-25||1964||Bill & Boyd||Chulu Chululu|
|PE-31||1965||The Missing Links||Links Unchained||"I'll Go Crazy" / "Don't Give Me No Friction"
"One More Time" / "Woolly Bully"
|PE-60||196?||Hedley Smith||Let's Dance: Hedley Smith at the Hammond||"Song of the islands" / "Wonderful one"
"Where the blue of the night" / "China dol"
|PE-76||1968||Rim D. Paul||The Ballad of Lionel Rose|
|PE-79||1968||Toni Lamond||A Touch of Toni||"Silent voices" (Monath-Limiti-Mogul-Isola)
"They don't give medals" (Bacharach-David)
"Another time, another place" (Westlake)
"Our day will come" (Hillard-Garson)
|PE-81||1969||The Valentines||My Old Man's A Groovy Old Man|
|PE-82||1969||Kamahl||Kamahl||"Sounds of goodbye" / "My cup runneth ove"r
"You've got to learn" / "Squeeze a flower"
Arranged and produced by Laurie Lewis and Billy Weston
|6205 019||1972||Barry Humphries with Dick Bently||A Track Winding Back|
|Vertigo 6237 001||1973||Buffalo||Buffalo|
|S S10830||1959||Australian Youth Orchestra
cond. by Sir Bernard Heinze
|Mendelssohn: Violin Concerto, op. 64 in E minor.
Nicolai: "Merry wives of Windsor"
Margaret Sutherland: "Dithyramb"
Borodin: "Prince Igor" - Polovtsian dances.
|PD-44||?||Brook Benton||Lie To Me|
|PD-91||?||Damita Jo||Recorded live at the Diplomat|
|PDS-145||1963?||Dusty Springfield||A Girl Called Dusty|
|PD-151||1964||Bill & Boyd||Chulu Chululu|
|PD-161||1964||Various Artists||Bandstand Starlight '64|
|PDS-199||Dec. 1965||The Missing Links||The Missing Links|
|BL-10853||1965||Adelaide Harmony Choir||Harmony at Christmas|
|PDS-202||1966?||Roger Miller||Golden Hits|
|PDS-322||1968||The Strangers||The Strangers|
|PDS-323||1968||Rim D. Paul||That's Live|
|6830 045||1970||Kamahl||Peace on earth|
|6357 006||1972||Kamahl||Kamahl in London|
|6357 007 Vertigo||1972||Buffalo||Dead Forever|
|6357 010||1973||Barry Humphries||Barry Humphries at Carnegie Hall|
|6357 011||1973||Barry Humphries||The Barry Humphries Record of Innocent Austral Verse|
|6357 015||1973||Galapagos Duck||Ebony Quill|
|6357 019||1973||Mr George||On The Bandwagon|
|6357 028||1975||Stéphane Grappelli w/ Diz Disley Trio.||On the road with Stephane Grappelli and the Diz Disley Trio
Recorded Sydney Town Hall, 23 Sept. 1974.
|6357 029||1975||Kamahl||The Elephant Song|
|6357 046||197?||Kamahl||Lovin' Kind|
|6357 101 Vertigo||1973||Buffalo||Volcanic Rock|
|6357 102 Vertigo||1974||Buffalo||Only Want You For Your Body|
|9777 877||1974||Galapagos Duck||The Removalists (film soundtrack)|
References / Linksketupa.net media profiles
Ross Laird /
The First Wave: Australian Rock & Pop Recordings 1955-1963
The Sixties: Australian Rock & Pop Recordings 1964-1969
"Philips 50 - a retrospective view"
Barry Humphries discography